Kinshasa Weather

66.059 Billion

GDP in USD - 2024

103.197 Million

Population - 2024

2344858

Area in km2

CD/243

Country/Dial Code


Congo (Democratic Republic of)

HONORARY CONSULATE


  • Congo (Democratic Republic of)
  • 791 Schoeman Street
  • 012 344 6475/6
  • LAT: -25.747390, LNG: 28.219450
  • DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

    HONORARY CONSULATE


  • DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • No 77 Avenue Ngongo Lutete
  • + 243 81 55 66586
  • rsaembassydrc@gmail.com
  • LAT: -4.370250, LNG: 15.281570
  • Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa

    CEMAC

    Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    COMESA

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    Southern African Development Community

    SADC

    Southern African Development Community

    Economic Community of Central African States

    ECCAS/CEEAC

    Economic Community of Central African States

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    COMESA

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries

    CEPGL

    Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries

    Sea Ports

    No ports found

    Airports

    Owando

    Owando

    IATA CODE

    FTX

    Ouesso

    Ouesso

    IATA CODE

    OUE

    Ndjili Intl

    Kinshasa

    IATA CODE

    FIH

    Ndolo

    Kinshasa

    IATA CODE

    NLO

    Muanda

    Muanda

    IATA CODE

    MNB

    Kitona Base

    Kitona Base

    IATA CODE

    Bandundu

    Bandoundu

    IATA CODE

    FDU

    Kikwit

    Kikwit

    IATA CODE

    KKW

    Mbandaka

    Mbandaka

    IATA CODE

    MDK

    Gbadolite

    Gbadolite

    IATA CODE

    BDT

    Gemena

    Gemena

    IATA CODE

    GMA

    Kotakoli

    Kotakoli

    IATA CODE

    Lisala

    Lisala

    IATA CODE

    LIQ

    Kisangani Simisini

    Kisangani

    IATA CODE

    FKI

    Matari

    Isiro

    IATA CODE

    IRP

    Bunia

    Bunia

    IATA CODE

    BUX

    Buta Zega

    Buta Zega

    IATA CODE

    Bukavu Kavumu

    Bukavu/kavumu

    IATA CODE

    BKY

    Goma

    Goma

    IATA CODE

    GOM

    Kindu

    Kindu

    IATA CODE

    KND

    Lubumbashi Intl

    Lubumashi

    IATA CODE

    FBM

    Kolwezi

    Kolwezi

    IATA CODE

    KWZ

    Kalemie

    Kalemie

    IATA CODE

    FMI

    Kamina Base

    Kamina Base

    IATA CODE

    KMN

    Kananga

    Kananga

    IATA CODE

    KGA

    Mbuji Mayi

    Mbuji-mayi

    IATA CODE

    MJM

    Ilebo Airport

    Ilebo

    IATA CODE

    PFR

    Lodja Airport

    Lodja

    IATA CODE

    LJA

    Tshikapa Airport

    Tshikapa

    IATA CODE

    TSH

    Basankusu Airport

    Basankusu

    IATA CODE

    BSU

    Basango Mboliasa Airport

    Kiri

    IATA CODE

    KRZ

    Nioki Airport

    Nioki

    IATA CODE

    NIO

    Inongo Airport

    Inongo

    IATA CODE

    INO

    Tshimpi Airport

    Matadi

    IATA CODE

    MAT

    Boma Airport

    Boma

    IATA CODE

    BOA

    Kasongo Lunda

    Kasongo

    IATA CODE

    KGN


    Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion backed by Rwanda and Uganda and fronted by Laurent KABILA. He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support KABILA's regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DRC, Congolese armed rebel groups, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe but sporadic fighting continued. Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph KABILA, was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003. Joseph KABILA as president and four vice presidents represented the former government, former rebel groups, the political opposition, and civil society. The transitional government held a successful constitutional referendum in December 2005 and elections for the presidency, National Assembly, and provincial legislatures in 2006. The National Assembly was installed in September 2006 and KABILA was inaugurated president in December 2006. Provincial assemblies were constituted in early 2007, and elected governors and national senators in January 2007. The next national general elections are scheduled for November 2011.

    The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - is slowly recovering from two decades of decline. Conflict that began in May 1997 has dramatically reduced national output and government revenue, increased external debt, and resulted in the deaths of more than 5 million people from violence, famine, and disease. Foreign businesses curtailed operations due to uncertainty about the outcome of the conflict, lack of infrastructure, and the difficult operating environment. Conditions began to improve in late 2002 with the withdrawal of a large portion of the invading foreign troops. The transitional government reopened relations with international financial institutions and international donors, and President KABILA began implementing reforms, although progress has been slow and the International Monetary Fund curtailed their program for the DRC at the end of March 2006 because of fiscal overruns. Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector, and is not reflected in GDP data. Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, boosted Kinshasa's fiscal position and GDP growth from 2006-2008, however, the government's review of mining contracts that began in 2006, combined with a fall in world market prices for the DRC's key mineral exports inflicted major damage on the sector. An uncertain legal framework, corruption, a lack of transparency in government policy are long-term problems for the mining sector and the economy as a whole. The global recession cut economic growth in 2009 to less than half its 2008 level, but donor assistance and diligence on the part of the central bank have brought economic growth to 6% in 2010. This was after the financial crisis caused reserves to fall to less than one day's worth of imports in early 2009. The DRC signed a new Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility with the IMF in 2009 and received $12 billion in multilateral and bilateral debt relief in 2010.

     

    Country name:
     
    conventional long form: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    conventional short form: DRC
    local long form: Republique Democratique du Congo
    local short form: RDC
    former: Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo/Leopoldville, Congo/Kinshasa, Zaire
    abbreviation: DRC
     

    Government type:

    republic
     

    Capital:

    name: Kinshasa
    geographic coordinates: 4 19 S, 15 18 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
     

    Administrative divisions:

    10 provinces (provinces, singular - province) and 1 city* (ville); Bandundu, Bas-Congo (Lower Congo), Equateur, Kasai-Occidental (West Kasai), Kasai-Oriental (East Kasai), Katanga, Kinshasa*, Maniema, Nord-Kivu (North Kivu), Orientale, Sud-Kivu (South Kivu)
    note: according to the Constitution adopted in December 2005, the current administrative divisions were to be subdivided into 26 new provinces by 2009 but this has yet to be implemented
     

    Independence:

    30 June 1960 (from Belgium)
     

    National holiday:

    Independence Day, 30 June (1960)
     

    Constitution:

    several previous; latest adopted 13 May 2005, approved by referendum 18-19 December 2005, promulgated 18 February 2006; revised 2011 (2011)
     

    Legal system:

    civil legal system based on Belgian version of French civil law
     

    International law organization participation:

    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
     

    Suffrage:

    18 years of age; universal and compulsory
     

    Executive branch:

    chief of state: President Joseph KABILA (since 17 January 2001)
    head of government: Prime Minister Augustin MATATA PONYO Mapon (since 18 April 2012)
    cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: under the new constitution, the president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in November 2016); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: Joseph KABILA reelected president; percent of vote - Joseph KABILA 49%, Etienne TSHISEKEDI 32.3%, other 18.7%; note - election marred by serious voting irregularities
    note: Joseph KABILA succeeded his father, Laurent Desire KABILA, following the latter's assassination in January 2001; negotiations with rebel leaders led to the establishment of a transitional government in July 2003 with free elections held on 30 July 2006 and a run-off on 29 October 2006 confirming Joseph KABILA as president
     

    Legislative branch:

    bicameral legislature consists of a Senate (108 seats; members elected by provincial assemblies to serve five-year terms) and a National Assembly (500 seats; 61 members elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies, 439 members elected by open list proportional-representation in multi-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)
    elections: Senate - last held on 19 January 2007 (next scheduled for 5 June 2013; though likely to be delayed); National Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPRD 22, MLC 14, FR 7, RCD 7, PDC 6, CDC 3, MSR 3, PALU 2, independents 26, others 18 (political parties that won a single seat); National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPRD 62, UDPS 41, PPPD 29, MSR 27, MLC 22, PALU 19, UNC 17, ARC 16, AFDC 15, ECT 11, RRC 11, independents 16, others 214 (includes numerous political parties that won 10 or fewer seats and 2 constituencies where voting was halted); note - the November 2011 elections were married by violence including the destruction of ballots in two constituencies resulting in the closure of polling sites; election results were delayed three months, stongly contested, and continue to be unresolved
     

    Judicial branch:

    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (organized into legislative and judiciary sections and consists of 26 justices); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court of Justice judges nominated by the Judicial Service Council, an independent body of public prosecutors and selected judges of the lower courts; judges tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges - 3 nominated by the president, 3 by the Judicial Service Council, and 3 by the legislature; judges appointed by the president to serve 9-year non-renewable terms
    subordinate courts: State Security Court; Court of Appeals (organized into administrative and judiciary sections); Tribunal de Grande; magistrates' courts; customary courts
     

    Political parties and leaders:

    Christian Democrat Party or PDC [Jose ENDUNDO]
    Congolese Rally for Democracy or RCD [Azarias RUBERWA]
    Convention of Christian Democrats or CDC
    Forces of Renewal or FR [Mbusa NYAMWISI]
    Movement for the Liberation of the Congo or MLC [Jean-Pierre BEMBA]
    People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy or PPRD [Evariste BOSHAB]
    Social Movement for Renewal or MSR [Pierre LUMBI]
    Unified Lumumbist Party or PALU [Antoine GIZENGA]
    Union for the Congolese Nation or UNC [Vital KAMERHE]
    Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI]
    Union of Mobutuist Democrats or UDEMO [MOBUTU Nzanga]
     

    Political pressure groups and leaders:

    FARDC (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo) - Army of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which commits atrocities on citizens
    FDLR (Forces Democratiques de Liberation du Rwanda) - Rwandan militia group made up of some of the perpetrators of Rwanda's Genocide in 1994
    CNDP (National Congress for the Defense of the People) - mainly Congolese Tutsis who want refugees returned and more representation in government
    M23 - rebel group comprised largely from ex-CNDP forces
     

    International organization participation:

    ACP, AfDB, AU, CEPGL, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
     

    Diplomatic representation in the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador Faida Maramuke MITIFU (since 3 February 2000)
    chancery: Suite 601, 1726 M Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-7690 through 7691
    FAX: [1] (202) 234-2609
    consulate(s) general: New York
     

    Diplomatic representation from the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador James C. SWAN (since 5 September 2013)
    embassy: 310 Avenue des Aviateurs, Kinshasa
    mailing address: Unit 2220, DPO AE 09828
    telephone: [243] (081) 556-0151
    FAX: [243] (081) 556-0175
     

    Flag description:

    sky blue field divided diagonally from the lower hoist corner to upper fly corner by a red stripe bordered by two narrow yellow stripes; a yellow, five-pointed star appears in the upper hoist corner; blue represents peace and hope, red the blood of the country's martyrs, and yellow the country's wealth and prosperity; the star symbolizes unity and the brilliant future for the country
     

    National symbol(s):

    leopard
     

    National anthem:

    name: 'Debout Congolaise' (Arise Congolese)
    lyrics/music: Joseph LUTUMBA/Simon-Pierre BOKA di Mpasi Londi
    note: adopted 1960; the anthem was replaced during the period in which the country was known as Zaire, but was readopted in 1997

    Economy - overview:
     
    The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast natural resource wealth - is slowly recovering after decades of decline. Systemic corruption since independence in 1960, combined with country-wide instability and conflict that began in the mid-90s has dramatically reduced national output and government revenue and increased external debt. With the installation of a transitional government in 2003 after peace accords, economic conditions slowly began to improve as the transitional government reopened relations with international financial institutions and international donors, and President KABILA began implementing reforms. Progress has been slow to reach the interior of the country although clear changes are evident in Kinshasa and Lubumbashi. An uncertain legal framework, corruption, and a lack of transparency in government policy are long-term problems for the mining sector and for the economy as a whole. Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector and is not reflected in GDP data. Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, has boosted Kinshasa's fiscal position and GDP growth in recent years. The global recession cut economic growth in 2009 to less than half its 2008 level, but growth returned to around 7% per year in 2010-12. The DRC signed a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility with the IMF in 2009 and received $12 billion in multilateral and bilateral debt relief in 2010, but the IMF at the end of 2012 suspended the last three payments under the loan facility - worth $240 million - because of concerns about the lack of transparency in mining contracts. In 2012, the DRC updated its business laws by adhering to OHADA, the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa. The country marked its tenth consecutive year of positive economic expansion in 2012.
     

    GDP (purchasing power parity):

    $29.39 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    $27.66 billion (2012 est.)
    $25.82 billion (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    GDP (official exchange rate):

    $18.56 billion (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - real growth rate:

    6.2% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    7.2% (2012 est.)
    6.9% (2011 est.)
     

    GDP - per capita (PPP):

    $400 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 228
    $400 (2012 est.)
    $400 (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    GDP - composition, by end use:

    household consumption: 65.9%
    government consumption: 12.5%
    investment in fixed capital: 27.9%
    investment in inventories: 1%
    exports of goods and services: 49.9%
    imports of goods and services: -56.3%
    (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

    agriculture: 44.3%
    industry: 21.7%
    services: 34% (2013 est.)
     

    Agriculture - products:

    coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, quinine, cassava (manioc), bananas, plantains, peanuts, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
     

    Industries:

    mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, processed foods and beverages, timber, cement, commercial ship repair
     

    Industrial production growth rate:

    12% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
     

    Labor force:

    35.18 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
     

    Labor force - by occupation:

    agriculture: NA%
    industry: NA%
    services: NA%
     

    Unemployment rate:

    NA%
     

    Population below poverty line:

    71% (2006 est.)
     

    Household income or consumption by percentage share:

    lowest 10%: 2.3%
    highest 10%: 34.7% (2006)
     

    Budget:

    revenues: $5.817 billion
    expenditures: $6.472 billion (2013 est.)
     

    Taxes and other revenues:

    31.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
     

    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

    -3.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
     

    Fiscal year:

    calendar year
     

    Inflation rate (consumer prices):

    7.1% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    9.5% (2012 est.)
     

    Central bank discount rate:

    4% (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
    20% (31 December 2011 est.)
     

    Commercial bank prime lending rate:

    18.6% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    28.45% (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of narrow money:

    $1.06 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    $986.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of broad money:

    $3.502 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    $3.042 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of domestic credit:

    $1.862 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    $1.708 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    $NA
     

    Current account balance:

    -$2.544 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    -$2.254 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Exports:

    $9.936 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    $8.872 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Exports - commodities:

    diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee
     

    Exports - partners:

    China 54.3%, Zambia 22.6%, Belgium 5.7% (2012)
     

    Imports:

    $8.924 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    $8.187 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Imports - commodities:

    foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
     

    Imports - partners:

    South Africa 22.3%, China 15.3%, Belgium 8%, Zambia 6.9%, Zimbabwe 5.6%, France 4.9%, Kenya 4.7% (2012)
     

    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

    $1.582 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    $1.633 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Debt - external:

    $6.874 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    $6.087 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Exchange rates:

    Congolese francs (CDF) per US dollar -
    918 (2013 est.)
    920.25 (2012 est.)
    905.91 (2010 est.)
    472.19 (2009)
    559 (2008)

    Location:
     
    Central Africa, northeast of Angola
     

    Geographic coordinates:

    0 00 N, 25 00 E
     

    Map references:

    Africa
     

    Area:

    total: 2,344,858 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 11
    land: 2,267,048 sq km
    water: 77,810 sq km
     

    Area - comparative:

    slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US
     

    Land boundaries:

    total: 10,481 km
    border countries: Angola 2,646 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province), Burundi 236 km, Central African Republic 1,747 km, Republic of the Congo 1,229 km, Rwanda 221 km, South Sudan 714 km, Tanzania 479 km, Uganda 877 km, Zambia 2,332 km
     

    Coastline:

    37 km
     

    Maritime claims:

    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: boundaries with neighbors
     

    Climate:

    tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)
     

    Terrain:

    vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east
     

    Elevation extremes:

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m
     

    Natural resources:

    cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber
     

    Land use:

    arable land: 2.9%
    permanent crops: 0.32%
    other: 96.78% (2011)
     

    Irrigated land:

    105 sq km (2003)
     

    Total renewable water resources:

    1,283 cu km (2011)
     

    Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

    total: 0.68 cu km/yr (68%/21%/11%)
    per capita: 11.25 cu m/yr (2005)
     

    Natural hazards:

    periodic droughts in south; Congo River floods (seasonal); active volcanoes in the east along the Great Rift Valley
    volcanism: Nyiragongo (elev. 3,470 m), which erupted in 2002 and is experiencing ongoing activity, poses a major threat to the city of Goma, home to a quarter million people; the volcano produces unusually fast-moving lava, known to travel up to 100 km /hr; Nyiragongo has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; its neighbor, Nyamuragira, which erupted in 2010, is Africa's most active volcano; Visoke is the only other historically active volcano
     

    Environment - current issues:

    poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching; mining of minerals (coltan - a mineral used in creating capacitors, diamonds, and gold) causing environmental damage
     

    Environment - international agreements:

    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
     

    Geography - note:

    second largest country in Africa (after Algeria) and largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa; straddles the equator; has narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo River and is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean; dense tropical rain forest in central river basin and eastern highlands

    Nationality:
     
    noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Congolese or Congo
     

    Ethnic groups:

    over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
     

    Languages:

    French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
     

    Religions:

    Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
     

    Population:

    77,433,744
    country comparison to the world: 20
    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
     

    Age structure:

    0-14 years: 43.1% (male 16,810,549/female 16,552,685)
    15-24 years: 21.4% (male 8,292,444/female 8,248,326)
    25-54 years: 29.4% (male 11,359,385/female 11,405,442)
    55-64 years: 3.5% (male 1,287,895/female 1,457,499)
    65 years and over: 2.6% (male 849,840/female 1,169,679) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:  
     

    Dependency ratios:

    total dependency ratio: 91.1 %
    youth dependency ratio: 85.6 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
    potential support ratio: 18.3 (2014 est.)
     

    Median age:

    total: 17.9 years
    male: 17.7 years
    female: 18.1 years (2014 est.)
     

    Population growth rate:

    2.5% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
     

    Birth rate:

    35.62 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 22
     

    Death rate:

    10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
     

    Net migration rate:

    -0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
     

    Urbanization:

    urban population: 34.3% of total population (2011)
    rate of urbanization: 4.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
     

    Major urban areas - population:

    KINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.556 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.504 million; Kananga 888,000; Kisangani 820,000 (2011)
     

    Sex ratio:

    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth:

    20.2
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate:

    540 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    Infant mortality rate:

    total: 73.15 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 12
    male: 76.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 69.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
     

    Life expectancy at birth:

    total population: 56.54 years
    country comparison to the world: 203
    male: 55.03 years
    female: 58.09 years (2014 est.)
     

    Total fertility rate:

    4.8 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 22
     

    Contraceptive prevalence rate:

    17.7% (2010)
     

    Health expenditures:

    8.5% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 52
     

    Physicians density:

    0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
     

    Hospital bed density:

    0.8 beds/1,000 population (2006)
     

    Drinking water source:

    improved: 
    urban: 79.1% of population
    rural: 29% of population
    total: 46.5% of population
    unimproved: 
    urban: 20.9% of population
    rural: 71% of population
    total: 53.5% of population (2012 est.)
     

    Sanitation facility access:

    improved: 
    urban: 29.1% of population
    rural: 32.6% of population
    total: 31.4% of population
    unimproved: 
    urban: 70.9% of population
    rural: 67.4% of population
    total: 68.6% of population (2012 est.)
     

    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

    1.1% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
     

    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

    481,500 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
     

    HIV/AIDS - deaths:

    31,700 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 12
     

    Major infectious diseases:

    degree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
     

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

    1.7% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 185
     

    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

    28.2% (2007)
    country comparison to the world: 21
     

    Education expenditures:

    2.5% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 157
     

    Literacy:

    definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
    total population: 66.8%
    male: 76.9%
    female: 57% (2010 est.)
     

    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

    total: 10 years
    male: 11 years
    female: 8 years (2012)
     

    Child labor - children ages 5-14:

    total number: 8,284,395
    percentage: 42 % (2010 est.)

    Telephones - main lines in use:
     
    58,200 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 161
     

    Telephones - mobile cellular:

    19.487 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 52
     

    Telephone system:

    general assessment: barely adequate wire and microwave radio relay service in and between urban areas; domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations; inadequate fixed line infrastructure
    domestic: state-owned operator providing less than 1 fixed-line connection per 100 persons; given the backdrop of a wholly inadequate fixed-line infrastructure, the use of mobile-cellular services has surged and mobile teledensity is roughly 20 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 243; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
     

    Broadcast media:

    state-owned TV broadcast station with near national coverage; more than a dozen privately owned TV stations with 2 having near national coverage; 2 state-owned radio stations are supplemented by more than 100 private radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)
     

    Internet country code:

    .cd
     

    Internet hosts:

    2,515 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 159
     

    Internet users:

    290,000 (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 132

    Telephones - main lines in use:
     
    58,200 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 161
     

    Telephones - mobile cellular:

    19.487 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 52
     

    Telephone system:

    general assessment: barely adequate wire and microwave radio relay service in and between urban areas; domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations; inadequate fixed line infrastructure
    domestic: state-owned operator providing less than 1 fixed-line connection per 100 persons; given the backdrop of a wholly inadequate fixed-line infrastructure, the use of mobile-cellular services has surged and mobile teledensity is roughly 20 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 243; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
     

    Broadcast media:

    state-owned TV broadcast station with near national coverage; more than a dozen privately owned TV stations with 2 having near national coverage; 2 state-owned radio stations are supplemented by more than 100 private radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)
     

    Internet country code:

    .cd
     

    Internet hosts:

    2,515 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 159
     

    Internet users:

    290,000 (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 132

    Electricity - production:
     
    39.97 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
     

    Electricity - consumption:

    44.21 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
     

    Electricity - exports:

    1.65 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
     

    Electricity - imports:

    11.47 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
     

    Electricity - installed generating capacity:

    10.67 million kW (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
     

    Electricity - from fossil fuels:

    100% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
     

    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
     

    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
     

    Electricity - from other renewable sources:

    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
     

    Crude oil - production:

    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
     

    Crude oil - exports:

    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
     

    Crude oil - imports:

    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
     

    Crude oil - proved reserves:

    0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
     

    Refined petroleum products - production:

    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
     

    Refined petroleum products - consumption:

    333,900 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
     

    Refined petroleum products - exports:

    12,010 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Refined petroleum products - imports:

    345,900 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 19
     

    Natural gas - production:

    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
     

    Natural gas - consumption:

    3.097 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
     

    Natural gas - exports:

    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
     

    Natural gas - imports:

    3.097 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
     

    Natural gas - proved reserves:

    0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
     

    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

    92.91 million Mt (2011 est.)

    Title: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars (Billions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021


    No Stats found
    Exports Opportunities
    Ref Date Received Officials Details Nature of Enquiry

    Title: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Population (Persons (Millions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021