Antananarivo Weather

18.524 Billion

GDP in USD - 2024

30.418 Million

Population - 2024

587041

Area in km2

MG/261

Country/Dial Code


Madagascar (Republic of)

HONORARY CONSULATE


  • Madagascar (Republic of)
  • 90 B Tait Street
  • 012 751 5086
  • info@madagascarconsul.com
  • LAT: -25.739580, LNG: 28.240540
  • Madagascar (Republic of)

    HONORARY CONSULATE


  • Madagascar (Republic of)
  • Lot IVO 68 Bis
  • + 261 20 224 3350
  • antananarivo.consular@dirco.gov.za
  • LAT: -21.451413, LNG: 47.093227
  • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    COMESA

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    Southern African Development Community

    SADC

    Southern African Development Community

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    COMESA

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    Indian Ocean Commission

    COI

    Indian Ocean Commission

    Sea Ports

    No ports found

    Airports

    Ivato

    Antananarivo

    IATA CODE

    TNR

    Miandrivazo

    Miandrivazo

    IATA CODE

    ZVA

    Sainte Marie

    Sainte Marie

    IATA CODE

    SMS

    Toamasina

    Toamasina

    IATA CODE

    TMM

    Morondava

    Morondava

    IATA CODE

    MOQ

    Arrachart

    Antsiranana

    IATA CODE

    DIE

    Avaratra

    Mananara

    IATA CODE

    WMR

    Andapa

    Andapa

    IATA CODE

    ZWA

    Ambilobe

    Ambilobe

    IATA CODE

    AMB

    Antsirabato

    Antalaha

    IATA CODE

    ANM

    Analalava

    Analalava

    IATA CODE

    HVA

    Philibert Tsiranana

    Mahajanga

    IATA CODE

    MJN

    Fascene

    Nosy-be

    IATA CODE

    NOS

    Besalampy

    Besalampy

    IATA CODE

    BPY

    Maroantsetra

    Maroantsetra

    IATA CODE

    WMN

    Sambava

    Sambava

    IATA CODE

    SVB

    Vohimarina

    Vohemar

    IATA CODE

    VOH

    Ambalabe

    Antsohihy

    IATA CODE

    WAI

    Ampampamena

    Ampampamena

    IATA CODE

    Tolagnaro

    Tolagnaro

    IATA CODE

    FTU

    Fianarantsoa

    Fianarantsoa

    IATA CODE

    WFI

    Farafangana

    Farafangana

    IATA CODE

    RVA

    Manakara

    Manakara

    IATA CODE

    WVK

    Mananjary

    Mananjary

    IATA CODE

    MNJ

    Morombe

    Morombe

    IATA CODE

    MXM

    Toliara

    Toliara

    IATA CODE

    TLE

    Manja Airport

    Manja

    IATA CODE

    MJA

    Mandritsara Airport

    Mandritsara

    IATA CODE

    WMA

    Tsaratanana Airport

    Tsaratanana

    IATA CODE

    TTS

    Mampikony Airport

    Mampikony

    IATA CODE

    WMP

    Soalala Airport

    Soalala

    IATA CODE

    DWB

    Ambanja Airport

    Ambanja

    IATA CODE

    IVA

    Port Berg Airport

    Port Berg

    IATA CODE

    WPB

    Ambatondrazaka Airport

    Ambatondrazaka

    IATA CODE

    WAM

    Tsiroanomandidy Airport

    Tsiroanomandidy

    IATA CODE

    WTS

    Tambohorano Airport

    Tambohorano

    IATA CODE

    WTA

    Morafenobe Airport

    Morafenobe

    IATA CODE

    TVA

    Maintirano Airport

    Maintirano

    IATA CODE

    MXT

    Belo sur Tsiribihina Airport

    Belo sur Tsiribihina

    IATA CODE

    BMD

    Ankavandra Airport

    Ankavandra

    IATA CODE

    JVA

    Antsalova Airport

    Antsalova

    IATA CODE

    WAQ

    Ambatomainty Airport

    Ambatomainty

    IATA CODE

    AMY

    Andavadoaka

    Andavadoaka

    IATA CODE

    DVD

    Antsirabe

    Antsirabe

    IATA CODE

    ATJ

    Bekily

    Bekily

    IATA CODE

    OVA


    Background:
     
    Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

    Country name:
     
    conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar
    conventional short form: Madagascar
    local long form: Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
    local short form: Madagascar/Madagasikara
    former: Malagasy Republic
     

    Government type:

    republic
     

    Capital:

    name: Antananarivo
    geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E
    time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
     

    Administrative divisions:

    Hi Trent,6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara
     

    Independence:

    26 June 1960 (from France)
     

    National holiday:

    Independence Day, 26 June (1960)
     

    Constitution:

    previous 1992; latest passed by referendum 17 November 2010, promulgated 11 December 2010 (2012)
     

    Legal system:

    civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation
     

    International law organization participation:

    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
     

    Suffrage:

    18 years of age; universal
     

    Executive branch:

    chief of state: President Hery Martial RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Rakotoarimana (since 25 January 2014)
    head of government: Prime Minister Roger Laurent Christophe KOLO, M.D. (since 11 April 2014)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 December 2013 (next to be held in 2018); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president
    election results: Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA elected president in second round; percent of vote - Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA 53.5%, Jean Louis ROBINSON 46.5%
    note: on 17 March 2009, democratically elected President Marc RAVALOMANANA stepped down handing the government over to the military, which in turn conferred the presidency on opposition leader and Antananarivo mayor Andry RAJOELINA; a power-sharing agreement established a 15-month transition period to conclude with a general election in 2010, which failed to occur; a subsequent agreement aimed for an early 2013 election - the first round was held on 25 October 2013 and the second on 20 December 2013
     

    Legislative branch:

    bicameral legislature consists of a Senate or Senat (33 seats; 22 elected from each of the 22 regions; the remaining 11 appointed by the president; members to serve six-year terms) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (151 seats in the December 2013 election; reduced from 160 seats to 127 seats by an April 2007 national referendum - never used; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
    elections: National Assembly - last held on 20 December 2013 (next to be held in 2017); note - a power-sharing agreement in the summer of 2009 established a 15-month transition, concluding in general elections scheduled for late 2013 after repeated delays
    election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - Party of Andry Rajoelina 17.3%, Ravalomannana Movement 10.8%, Vondrona Politika 8.2%, independents and others 63.7%; seats by party - Party of Andry Rajoelina 49, the Ravalomannana Movement 20, Malagasy Miara Mianinga 13, independents 25, seats with delayed elections 4, other 40
     

    Judicial branch:

    highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 11 members; addresses judicial administration issues only); High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle (consists of 9 members)
    note - the judiciary includes a High Court of Justice responsible for adjudicating crimes and misdemeanors by government officials including the president
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court heads elected by the president and judiciary officials to serve single-renewable, 3-year terms; High Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 each by the president, by both legislative bodies, and by the Council of Magistrates; members serve single, 6-year terms
    subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; provincial and city tribunals
     

    Political parties and leaders:

    AVANA Party [Jean-Louis ROBINSON]
    Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Manasse ESOAVELOMANDROSO]
    Green Party or Parti Vert [Sarah Georget RABEHARISOA]
    I Love Madagascar or TIM [Marc RAVALOMANANA]
    Judged by Your Work or AVI [Norbert RATSIRAHONANA]
    Malagasy Miara-Miainga or MMM [Hajo ANDRIANAINARIVELO]
    Malagasy Tonga Saina or MTS [Roland RATSIRAKA]
    Movement for Democracy in Madagascar or MDM [Pierrot RAJAONARIVELO]
    New Force for Madagascar of FIDIO [Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA]
    Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]
    Socialist and Democratic Party for the Unity of Madagascar or PSDUM [Jean LAHINIRIKO]
    Union Party or Tambatra [Pety RAKOTONIAINA]
    Young Malagasies Determined or TGV [Andry RAJOELINA]
     

    Political pressure groups and leaders:

    Committee for the Defense of Truth and Justice or KMMR
    Committee for National Reconciliation or CRN [Albert Zafy]
    National Council of Christian Churches or FFKM
     

    International organization participation:

    ACP, AfDB, AU, CD, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
     

    Diplomatic representation in the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Velotiana Rakotoanosy RAOBELINA (since 20 June 1011)
    chancery: 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-5525 through 5526
    FAX: [1] (202) 265-3034
    consulate(s) general: New York
     

    Diplomatic representation from the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Eric WONG note - also accredited to Comoros
    embassy: Lot 207A, Point Liberty, Andranoro, Antehiroka, 105 Antananarivo
    mailing address: B. P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo
    telephone: [261] (23) 480 00/01
    FAX: [261] (23) 480 35
     

    Flag description:

    two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side; by tradition, red stands for sovereignty, green for hope, white for purity
     

    National anthem:

    name: 'Ry Tanindraza nay malala o' (Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland)


    lyrics/music: Pasteur RAHAJASON/Norbert RAHARISOA
    note: adopted 1959

    Economy - overview:
     
    After discarding socialist economic policies in the mid-1990s, Madagascar followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization that has been undermined since the start of the political crisis. This strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US; however, Madagascar's failure to comply with the requirements of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) led to the termination of the country's duty-free access in January 2010 and a sharp fall in textile production. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. The current political crisis, which began in early 2009, has dealt additional blows to the economy. Tourism dropped more than 50% in 2009 compared with the previous year, and many investors are wary of entering the uncertain investment environment. Growth was slow during 2010 to 2013 although expansion in mining and agricultural sectors is expected to contribute to more growth in 2014. International organizations and foreign donors are expected to resume development aid to Madagascar once RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA appoints a new government.
     

    GDP (purchasing power parity):

    $22.03 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    $21.47 billion (2012 est.)
    $21.06 billion (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    GDP (official exchange rate):

    $10.53 billion (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - real growth rate:

    2.6% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    1.9% (2012 est.)
    1.8% (2011 est.)
     

    GDP - per capita (PPP):

    $1,000 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    $1,000 (2012 est.)
    $1,000 (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    Gross national saving:

    -3.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    -5.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
    -7.2% of GDP (2011 est.)
     

    GDP - composition, by end use:

    household consumption: 84%
    government consumption: 12.7%
    investment in fixed capital: 14%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 24.7%
    imports of goods and services: -35.3%
    (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

    agriculture: 27.3%
    industry: 16.4%
    services: 56.3% (2013 est.)
     

    Agriculture - products:

    coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products
     

    Industries:

    meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
     

    Industrial production growth rate:

    4% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
     

    Labor force:

    9.504 million (2007)
    country comparison to the world: 50
     

    Population below poverty line:

    50% (2004 est.)
     

    Household income or consumption by percentage share:

    lowest 10%: 2.2%
    highest 10%: 34.7% (2010 est.)
     

    Distribution of family income - Gini index:

    47.5 (2001)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    38.1 (1999)
     

    Budget:

    revenues: $2.113 billion
    expenditures: $2.356 billion (2013 est.)
     

    Taxes and other revenues:

    20.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
     

    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

    -2.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
     

    Fiscal year:

    calendar year
     

    Inflation rate (consumer prices):

    8.8% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    6.4% (2012 est.)
     

    Central bank discount rate:

    5% (31 December 2010 est.)
    NA% (31 December 2009 est.)
     

    Commercial bank prime lending rate:

    44% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 1
    56.25% (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of narrow money:

    $1.839 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    $1.492 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of broad money:

    $3.163 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    $2.357 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of domestic credit:

    $1.663 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    $1.245 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    $NA
     

    Current account balance:

    -$1.945 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    -$1.989 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Exports:

    $644.4 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    $592.1 million (2012 est.)
     

    Exports - commodities:

    coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products
     

    Exports - partners:

    France 23.4%, China 6.6%, US 6.6%, Singapore 5.9%, Canada 5.5%, Germany 5.4%, Indonesia 5.3%, India 5.2%, South Africa 4.5% (2012)
     

    Imports:

    $2.794 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    $2.755 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Imports - commodities:

    capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food
     

    Imports - partners:

    China 17.7%, France 12.4%, South Africa 5.3%, India 5.1%, Mauritius 5%, Bahrain 4.7%, Kuwait 4.6% (2012)
     

    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

    $1.249 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    $1.191 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Debt - external:

    $3.361 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    $3.116 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:

    $NA
     

    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

    $NA
     

    Exchange rates:

    Malagasy ariary (MGA) per US dollar -
    2,227.8 (2013 est.)
    2,195 (2012 est.)
    2,090 (2010 est.)
    1,956.2 (2009)
    1,654.78 (2008)

    Location:
     

    Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
     

    Geographic coordinates:

    20 00 S, 47 00 E
     

    Map references:

    Africa
     

    Area:

    total: 587,041 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 47
    land: 581,540 sq km
    water: 5,501 sq km
     

    Area - comparative:

    slightly less than twice the size of Arizona
     

    Land boundaries:

    0 km
     

    Coastline:

    4,828 km
     

    Maritime claims:

    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m isobath
     

    Climate:

    tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
     

    Terrain:

    narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
     

    Elevation extremes:

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m
     

    Natural resources:

    graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
     

    Land use:

    arable land: 5.96%
    permanent crops: 1.02%
    other: 93.02% (2011)
     

    Irrigated land:

    10,860 sq km (2003)
     

    Total renewable water resources:

    337 cu km (2011)
     

    Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

    total: 16.5 cu km/yr (2%/1%/97%)
    per capita: 1,010 cu m/yr (2005)
     

    Natural hazards:

    periodic cyclones; drought; and locust infestation
    volcanism: Madagascar's volcanoes have not erupted in historical times
     

    Environment - current issues:

    soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island
     

    Environment - international agreements:

    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
     

    Geography - note:

    world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel

    Nationality:
     
    noun: Malagasy (singular and plural)
    adjective: Malagasy
     

    Ethnic groups:

    Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
     

    Languages:

    French (official), Malagasy (official), English
     

    Religions:

    indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
     

    Population:

    23,201,926 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
     

    Age structure:

    0-14 years: 40.7% (male 4,765,523/female 4,685,298)
    15-24 years: 20.6% (male 2,394,146/female 2,384,564)
    25-54 years: 31.3% (male 3,635,506/female 3,629,204)
    55-64 years: 4.2% (male 466,263/female 503,375)
    65 years and over: 3.1% (male 334,533/female 403,514) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:  
     

    Dependency ratios:

    total dependency ratio: 81.4 %
    youth dependency ratio: 76.3 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 %
    potential support ratio: 19.6 (2014 est.)
     

    Median age:

    total: 19.2 years
    male: 19 years
    female: 19.4 years (2014 est.)
     

    Population growth rate:

    2.62% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
     

    Birth rate:

    33.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
     

    Death rate:

    6.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
     

    Net migration rate:

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
     

    Urbanization:

    urban population: 32.6% of total population (2011)
    rate of urbanization: 4.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
     

    Major urban areas - population:

    ANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.987 million (2011)
     

    Sex ratio:

    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
     

    Mother's mean age at first birth:

    19.5
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008-09 est.)
     

    Maternal mortality rate:

    240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 48
     

    Infant mortality rate:

    total: 44.88 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 48
    male: 48.86 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 40.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
     

    Life expectancy at birth:

    total population: 65.2 years
    country comparison to the world: 174
    male: 63.77 years
    female: 66.67 years (2014 est.)
     

    Total fertility rate:

    4.28 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
     

    Contraceptive prevalence rate:

    39.9% (2008/09)
     

    Health expenditures:

    4.1% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 161
     

    Physicians density:

    0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
     

    Hospital bed density:

    0.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
     

    Drinking water source:

    improved: 
    urban: 78.2% of population
    rural: 35.4% of population
    total: 49.6% of population
    unimproved: 
    urban: 21.8% of population
    rural: 64.6% of population
    total: 50.4% of population (2012 est.)
     

    Sanitation facility access:

    improved: 
    urban: 19.2% of population
    rural: 11.3% of population
    total: 13.9% of population
    unimproved: 
    urban: 80.8% of population
    rural: 88.7% of population
    total: 86.1% of population (2012 est.)
     

    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

    0.5% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
     

    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

    58,800 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
     

    HIV/AIDS - deaths:

    6,200 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
     

    Major infectious diseases:

    degree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
     

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

    1.6% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 187
     

    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

    36.8% (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 6
     

    Education expenditures:

    2.7% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 150
     

    Literacy:

    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 64.5%
    male: 67.4%
    female: 61.6% (2009 est.)
     

    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

    total: 10 years
    male: 11 years
    female: 10 years (2012)
     

    Child labor - children ages 5-14:

    total number: 1,827,423
    percentage: 28 %
    note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2007 est.)
     

    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

    total: 2.3%
    country comparison to the world: 145
    male: 1.7%
    female: 2.8% (2005)

    No stats economy profile found

    Telephones - main lines in use:
     
    143,700 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 138
     

    Telephones - mobile cellular:

    8.564 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 89
     

    Telephone system:

    general assessment: system is above average for the region; Antananarivo's main telephone exchange modernized in the late 1990s, but the rest of the analogue-based telephone system is poorly developed
    domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity about 40 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 261; landing point for the EASSy, SEACOM, and LION fiber-optic submarine cable systems; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region) (2010)
     

    Broadcast media:

    state-owned Radio Nationale Malagasy (RNM) and Television Malagasy (TVM) have an extensive national network reach; privately owned radio and TV broadcasters in cities and major towns; state-run radio dominates in rural areas; relays of 2 international broadcasters are available in Antananarivo (2007)
     

    Internet country code:

    .mg
     

    Internet hosts:

    38,392 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 102
     

    Internet users:

    319,900 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 127

    Airports:
     
    83 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 66
     

    Airports - with paved runways:

    total: 26
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
    914 to 1,523 m: 16
    under 914 m: 1 (2013)
     

    Airports - with unpaved runways:

    total: 57
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 38
    under 914 m: 
    18 (2013)
     

    Railways:

    total: 854 km
    country comparison to the world: 97
    narrow gauge: 854 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)
     

    Roadways:

    total: 34,476 km
    country comparison to the world: 92
    paved: 5,613 km
    unpaved: 2,886 km (2010)
     

    Waterways:

    600 km (432 km navigable) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 80
     

    Merchant marine:

    total: 1
    country comparison to the world: 156
    by type: cargo 1
    registered in other countries: 1 (unknown 1) (2010)
     

    Ports and terminals:

    major seaport(s): Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)

    Electricity - production:
     
    1.211 billion kWh (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
     

    Electricity - consumption:

    1.126 billion kWh (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
     

    Electricity - exports:

    0 kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
     

    Electricity - imports:

    0 kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
     

    Electricity - installed generating capacity:

    430,000 kW (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
     

    Electricity - from fossil fuels:

    65.6% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
     

    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

    0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
     

    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

    34.4% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
     

    Electricity - from other renewable sources:

    0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
     

    Crude oil - production:

    0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
     

    Crude oil - exports:

    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
     

    Crude oil - imports:

    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
     

    Crude oil - proved reserves:

    0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
     

    Refined petroleum products - production:

    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
     

    Refined petroleum products - consumption:

    17,480 bbl/day (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
     

    Refined petroleum products - exports:

    365 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
     

    Refined petroleum products - imports:

    12,120 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
     

    Natural gas - production:

    0 cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
     

    Natural gas - consumption:

    0 cu m (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
     

    Natural gas - exports:

    0 cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
     

    Natural gas - imports:

    0 cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
     

    Natural gas - proved reserves:

    2.01 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
     

    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

    1.843 million Mt (2011 est.)

    Title: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars (Billions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021


    No Stats found
    Exports Opportunities
    Ref Date Received Officials Details Nature of Enquiry

    Title: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Population (Persons (Millions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021