Riyadh Weather

889.176 Billion

GDP in USD - 2024

37.629 Million

Population - 2024

2149690

Area in km2

SA/966

Country/Dial Code


Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of)

HONORARY CONSULATE


  • Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of)
  • 711 Jan Shoba Street
  • 012 362 4230
  • LAT: -25.755380, LNG: 28.239520
  • Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of)

    HONORARY CONSULATE


  • Saudi Arabia (Kingdom of)
  • 7184 Mohammad Al Abdary Street
  • + 966 11 481 2684
  • riyadh.info@dirco.gov.za
  • LAT: 31.965336, LNG: 35.862420
  • Greater Arab Free Trade Area

    GAFTA

    Greater Arab Free Trade Area

    Sea Ports

    No ports found

    Airports

    Abha

    Abha

    IATA CODE

    AHB

    Al Ahsa

    Al-ahsa

    IATA CODE

    HOF

    Al Baha

    El-baha

    IATA CODE

    ABT

    Bisha

    Bisha

    IATA CODE

    BHH

    Abqaiq

    Abqaiq

    IATA CODE

    King Fahd Intl

    Dammam

    IATA CODE

    DMM

    King Abdulaziz Ab

    Dhahran

    IATA CODE

    DHA

    King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz

    Gizan

    IATA CODE

    GIZ

    Gassim

    Gassim

    IATA CODE

    ELQ

    Guriat

    Guriat

    IATA CODE

    URY

    Hail

    Hail

    IATA CODE

    HAS

    Jubail

    Jubail

    IATA CODE

    King Faisal Naval Base

    Jeddah

    IATA CODE

    King Abdulaziz Intl

    Jeddah

    IATA CODE

    JED

    King Khaled Military City

    King Khalid Mil.city

    IATA CODE

    HBT

    Prince Mohammad Bin Abdulaziz

    Madinah

    IATA CODE

    MED

    Nejran

    Nejran

    IATA CODE

    EAM

    Qaisumah

    Hafr Al-batin

    IATA CODE

    AQI

    Pump Station 3

    Petroline 3

    IATA CODE

    Pump Station 6

    Petroline 6

    IATA CODE

    Pump Station 10

    Petroline 10

    IATA CODE

    Rabigh

    Rabigh

    IATA CODE

    Rafha

    Rafha

    IATA CODE

    RAH

    King Khaled Intl

    Riyadh

    IATA CODE

    RUH

    Ras Mishab

    Rash Mishab

    IATA CODE

    Arar

    Arar

    IATA CODE

    RAE

    Ras Tanura

    Ras Tanura

    IATA CODE

    Sharurah

    Sharurah

    IATA CODE

    SHW

    Sulayel

    Sulayel

    IATA CODE

    SLF

    Tabuk

    Tabuk

    IATA CODE

    TUU

    Taif

    Taif

    IATA CODE

    TIF

    Thumamah

    Thumamah

    IATA CODE

    Ras Tanajib

    Ras Tanajib

    IATA CODE

    Turaif

    Turaif

    IATA CODE

    TUI

    Wejh

    Wejh

    IATA CODE

    EJH

    Yenbo

    Yenbo

    IATA CODE

    YNB

    Wadi Al Dawasir Airport

    Wadi-al-dawasir

    IATA CODE

    EWD

    Al-Jawf Domestic Airport

    Al-Jawf

    IATA CODE

    AJF

    Dawadmi Domestic Airport

    Dawadmi

    IATA CODE

    DWD

    Al Kharj AFB

    Al Kharj

    IATA CODE

    Shaybah airport

    Shaybah

    IATA CODE

    Prince Abdul Majeed Airport

    Al-Ula

    IATA CODE

    ULH


    Background:
     
    Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam's two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king's official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al SAUD (Ibn Saud) after a 30-year campaign to unify most of the Arabian Peninsula. One of his male descendants rules the country today, as required by the country's 1992 Basic Law. King ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz ascended to the throne in 2005. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in 2003. Major terrorist attacks in May and November 2003 spurred a strong on-going campaign against domestic terrorism and extremism. King ABDALLAH since 2005 has worked to incrementally modernize the Kingdom - driven by personal ideology and political pragmatism - through a series of social and economic initiatives, including expanding employment and social opportunities for women, attracting foreign investment, increasing the role of the private sector in the economy, and discouraging businesses from hiring foreign workers. The Arab Spring inspired protests - increasing in number since 2011 but usually small in size - over primarily domestic issues among Saudi Arabia's majority Sunni population. Riyadh has taken a cautious but firm approach by arresting some protesters but releasing most of them quickly, and by using its state-sponsored clerics to counter political and Islamist activism. In addition, Saudi Arabia has seen protests among the Shia populace in the Eastern Province, who have protested primarily against the detention of political prisoners, endemic discrimination, and Bahraini and Saudi Government actions in Bahrain. Protests are met by a strong police presence, with some arrests, but not the level of bloodshed seen in protests elsewhere in the region. In response to the unrest, King ABDALLAH in February and March 2011 announced a series of benefits to Saudi citizens including funds to build affordable housing, salary increases for government workers, and unemployment entitlements. To promote increased political participation, the government held elections nationwide in September 2011 for half the members of 285 municipal councils - a body that holds little influence in the Saudi Government. Also in September, the king announced that women will be allowed to run for and vote in future municipal elections - first held in 2005 - and serve as full members of the advisory Consultative Council. The country remains a leading producer of oil and natural gas and holds about 17% of the world's proven oil reserves. The government continues to pursue economic reform and diversification, particularly since Saudi Arabia's accession to the WTO in 2005, and promotes foreign investment in the kingdom. A burgeoning population, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are ongoing governmental concerns.

    Country name:
     
    conventional long form: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    conventional short form: Saudi Arabia
    local long form: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
    local short form: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
     

    Government type:

    monarchy
     

    Capital:

    name: Riyadh
    geographic coordinates: 24 39 N, 46 42 E
    time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
     

    Administrative divisions:

    13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah (Northern Border), Al Jawf, Al Madinah (Medina), Al Qasim, Ar Riyad (Riyadh), Ash Sharqiyah (Eastern), 'Asir, Ha'il, Jazan, Makkah (Mecca), Najran, Tabuk
     

    Independence:

    23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)
     

    National holiday:

    Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932)
     

    Constitution:

    1 March 1992 - Basic Law of Government, issued by royal decree, serves as the constitutional framework and is based on the Qur'an and the life and tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (2013)
     

    Legal system:

    Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; note - several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees
     

    International law organization participation:

    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
     

    Suffrage:

    21 years of age; male
     

    Executive branch:

    chief of state: King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud, born 31 December 1935); Deputy Crown Prince MUQRIN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (born 15 September 1945); note - the monarch is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Deputy Prime Minister SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 19 June 2012); Second Deputy Prime Minister MUQRIN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since February 2013)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch every four years and includes many royal family members
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; note - an Allegiance Commission created by royal decree in October 2006 established a committee of Saudi princes that will play a role in selecting future Saudi kings, but the selection process becomes effective after King ABDALLAH's successor inherits the throne
     

    Legislative branch:

    Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura (150 members and a chairman appointed by the monarch to serve four-year terms); note - though the Council of Ministers announced in October 2003 its intent to introduce elections for a third of the Majlis al-Shura incrementally over a period of four to five years, to date no such elections have been held or announced
     

    Judicial branch:

    highest court(s): High Court (consists of the court chief and organized into circuits with 3-judge panels except the criminal circuit which has a 5-judge panel for cases involving major punishments)
    note - in 2005, King Abdullah issued decrees approving an overhaul of the judicial system and which were incorporated in the Judiciary Law of 2007; one change was the replacement of the Supreme Council of Justice with the High Court
    judge selection and term of office: the High Court chief and chiefs of the High Court Circuits appointed by royal decree following the recommendation of the Supreme Judiciary Council, a 10-member body of high level judges and other judicial heads; new judges and assistant judges serve 1- and 2- year probations, respectively, before permanent assignment
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; first-degree courts composed of general, criminal, personal status, and commercial courts, and the Labor Court; hierarchy of administrative courts
     

    Political parties and leaders:

    none
     

    Political pressure groups and leaders:

    Ansar Al Marah (supports women's rights); Freedom and Justice Coalition (supports Shia rights)
    other: gas companies; religious groups
     

    International organization participation:

    ABEDA, AfDB (nonregional member), AFESD, AMF, BIS, CAEU, CP, FAO, G-20, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
     

    Diplomatic representation in the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador Adil al-Ahmad al-JUBAYR (since 21 February 2007)
    chancery: 601 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037
    telephone: [1] (202) 342-3800
    FAX: [1] (202) 944-3113
    consulate(s) general: Houston, Los Angeles, New York
     

    Diplomatic representation from the US:

    chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph WESTPHAL (since 26 March 2014)
    embassy: Collector Road M, Diplomatic Quarter, Riyadh
    mailing address: American Embassy, Unit 61307, APO AE 09803-1307; International Mail: P. O. Box 94309, Riyadh 11693
    telephone: [966] (1) 488-3800
    FAX: [966] (1) 488-7360
    consulate(s) general: Dhahran, Jiddah (Jeddah)
     

    Flag description:

    green, a traditional color in Islamic flags, with the Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script (translated as 'There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God') above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely associated with the Al Saud family which established the kingdom in 1932; the flag is manufactured with differing obverse and reverse sides so that the Shahada reads - and the sword points - correctly from right to left on both sides
    note: one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Moldova and Paraguay
     

    National symbol(s):

    palm tree surmounting two crossed swords
     

    National anthem:

    name: 'Aash Al Maleek' (Long Live Our Beloved King)


    lyrics/music: Ibrahim KHAFAJI/Abdul Rahman al-KHATEEB
    note: music adopted 1947, lyrics adopted 1984

    Economy - overview:
     
    Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 80% of budget revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. Saudi Arabia is encouraging the growth of the private sector in order to diversify its economy and to employ more Saudi nationals. Diversification efforts are focusing on power generation, telecommunications, natural gas exploration, and petrochemical sectors. Over 6 million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, particularly in the oil and service sectors, while Riyadh is struggling to reduce unemployment among its own nationals. Saudi officials are particularly focused on employing its large youth population, which generally lacks the education and technical skills the private sector needs. Riyadh has substantially boosted spending on job training and education, most recently with the opening of the King Abdallah University of Science and Technology - Saudi Arabia's first co-educational university. As part of its effort to attract foreign investment, Saudi Arabia acceded to the WTO in 2005. The government has begun establishing six 'economic cities' in different regions of the country to promote foreign investment and plans to spend $373 billion between 2010 and 2014 on social development and infrastructure projects to advance Saudi Arabia's economic development.
     

    GDP (purchasing power parity):

    $927.8 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    $895.8 billion (2012 est.)
    $852.1 billion (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    GDP (official exchange rate):

    $718.5 billion (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - real growth rate:

    3.6% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    5.1% (2012 est.)
    8.6% (2011 est.)
     

    GDP - per capita (PPP):

    $31,300 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    $30,900 (2012 est.)
    $30,000 (2011 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
     

    Gross national saving:

    45% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
    48.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
    50.5% of GDP (2011 est.)
     

    GDP - composition, by end use:

    household consumption: 29.7%
    government consumption: 21.7%
    investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
    investment in inventories: 3.5%
    exports of goods and services: 52.9%
    imports of goods and services: -31.4%
    (2013 est.)
     

    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

    agriculture: 2%
    industry: 62.5%
    services: 35.5% (2013 est.)
     

    Agriculture - products:

    wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk
     

    Industries:

    crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
     

    Industrial production growth rate:

    2.7% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
     

    Labor force:

    8.412 million
    country comparison to the world: 57
    note: about 80% of the labor force is non-national (2013 est.)
     

    Labor force - by occupation:

    agriculture: 6.7%
    industry: 21.4%
    services: 71.9% (2005 est.)
     

    Unemployment rate:

    10.5% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    10.6% (2012 est.)
    note: data are for Saudi males only (local bank estimates; other estimates are as high as 25%)
     

    Population below poverty line:

    NA%
     

    Household income or consumption by percentage share:

    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
     

    Budget:

    revenues: $302.6 billion
    expenditures: $258.4 billion (2013 est.)
     

    Taxes and other revenues:

    42.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
     

    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

    6.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
     

    Public debt:

    12.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    11.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
     

    Fiscal year:

    calendar year
     

    Inflation rate (consumer prices):

    3.7% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    2.9% (2012 est.)
     

    Central bank discount rate:

    2.5% (31 December 2008)
     

    Commercial bank prime lending rate:

    6.7% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    6.8% (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of narrow money:

    $263.8 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    $236.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of broad money:

    $416.3 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    $371.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of domestic credit:

    $-52.29 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    $-74.71 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    $373.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    $338.9 billion (31 December 2011)
    $353.4 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
     

    Current account balance:

    $132.2 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 3
    $164.8 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Exports:

    $376.3 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    $388.4 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Exports - commodities:

    petroleum and petroleum products 90%
     

    Exports - partners:

    US 14.2%, China 13.6%, Japan 13.6%, South Korea 9.9%, India 8.2%, Singapore 4.3% (2012)
     

    Imports:

    $147 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    $141.8 billion (2012 est.)
     

    Imports - commodities:

    machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles
     

    Imports - partners:

    China 13.5%, US 13.2%, South Korea 6.6%, Germany 6.5%, India 6.3%, Japan 6% (2012)
     

    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

    $739.5 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 4
    $656.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Debt - external:

    $149.4 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    $136.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:

    $240.6 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24

    $223.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

    $26.08 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    $22.12 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
     

    Exchange rates:

    Saudi riyals (SAR) per US dollar -
    3.75 (2013 est.)
    3.75 (2012 est.)
    3.75 (2010 est.)
    3.75 (2009)
    3.75 (2008)

    Location:
     
    Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen
     

    Geographic coordinates:

    25 00 N, 45 00 E
     

    Map references:

    Middle East
     

    Area:

    total: 2,149,690 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 13
    land: 2,149,690 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
     

    Area - comparative:

    Area comparison map:  
     

    Land boundaries:

    total: 4,431 km
    border countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km
     

    Coastline:

    2,640 km
     

    Maritime claims:

    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 18 nm
    continental shelf: not specified
     

    Climate:

    harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
     

    Terrain:

    mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
     

    Elevation extremes:

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m
     

    Natural resources:

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
     

    Land use:

    arable land: 1.45%
    permanent crops: 0.11%
    other: 98.44% (2011)
     

    Irrigated land:

    16,200 sq km (2004)
     

    Total renewable water resources:

    2.4 cu km (2011)
     

    Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

    total: 23.67 cu km/yr (9%/3%/88%)
    per capita: 928.1 cu m/yr (2006)
     

    Natural hazards:

    frequent sand and dust storms
    volcanism: despite many volcanic formations, there has been little activity in the past few centuries; volcanoes include Harrat Rahat, Harrat Khaybar, Harrat Lunayyir, and Jabal Yar
     

    Environment - current issues:

    desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills
     

    Environment - international agreements:

    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
     

    Geography - note:

    Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the world without a river; extensive coastlines on the Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through the Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

    Nationality:
     
    noun: Saudi(s)
    adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
     

    Ethnic groups:

    Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
     

    Languages:

    Arabic (official)
     

    Religions:

    Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)
    note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013) (2012 est.)
     

    Population:

    27,345,986
    country comparison to the world: 47
    note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
     

    Age structure:

    0-14 years: 27.6% (male 3,869,961/female 3,681,616)
    15-24 years: 19.3% (male 2,832,538/female 2,458,339)
    25-54 years: 45.4% (male 7,086,004/female 5,323,373)
    55-64 years: 4.5% (male 674,571/female 555,136)
    65 years and over: 3.1% (male 444,302/female 420,146) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:  
     

    Dependency ratios:

    total dependency ratio: 46.1 %
    youth dependency ratio: 41.8 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 4.3 %
    potential support ratio: 23.5 (2014 est.)
     

    Median age:

    total: 26.4 years
    male: 27.3 years
    female: 25.3 years (2014 est.)
     

    Population growth rate:

    1.49% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
     

    Birth rate:

    18.78 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
     

    Death rate:

    3.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 219
     

    Net migration rate:

    -0.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
     

    Urbanization:

    urban population: 82.3% of total population (2011)
    rate of urbanization: 2.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
     

    Major urban areas - population:

    RIYADH (capital) 5.451 million; Jeddah 3.578 million; Mecca 1.591 million; Medina 1.142 million; Ad Dammam 941,000 (2011)
     

    Sex ratio:

    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.33 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.2 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.21 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
     

    Maternal mortality rate:

    24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 133
     

    Infant mortality rate:

    total: 14.58 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 110
    male: 16.73 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 12.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
     

    Life expectancy at birth:

    total population: 74.82 years
    country comparison to the world: 107
    male: 72.79 years
    female: 76.94 years (2014 est.)
     

    Total fertility rate:

    2.17 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
     

    Contraceptive prevalence rate:

    23.8% (2007)
     

    Health expenditures:

    3.7% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 173
     

    Physicians density:

    0.94 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
     

    Hospital bed density:

    2.2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
     

    Drinking water source:

    improved: 
    urban: 97% of population
    rural: 97% of population
    total: 97% of population
    unimproved: urban: 3% of population
    rural: 3% of population
    total: 3% of population (2012 est.)
     

    Sanitation facility access:

    improved: 
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved: 
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
     

    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

    0.01% (2001 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
     

    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

    NA
     

    HIV/AIDS - deaths:

    NA
     

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

    33% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 19
     

    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

    5.3% (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 87
     

    Education expenditures:

    5.1% of GDP (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 68
     

    Literacy:

    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 87.2%
    male: 90.8%
    female: 82.2% (2011 est.)
     

    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

    total: 16 years
    male: 15 years
    female: 16 years (2012)
     

    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

    total: 28.3%
    country comparison to the world: 31
    male: 20.8%
    female: 54.4% (2012)

    No stats economy profile found

    Telephones - main lines in use:
     
    4.8 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 31
     

    Telephones - mobile cellular:

    53 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 26
     

    Telephone system:

    general assessment: modern system including a combination of extensive microwave radio relays, coaxial cables, and fiber-optic cables
    domestic: mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing rapidly
    international: country code - 966; landing point for the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) and for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks providing connectivity to Asia, Middle East, Europe, and US; microwave radio relay to Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, and Sudan; coaxial cable to Kuwait and Jordan; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (3 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Arabsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region) (2011)
     

    Broadcast media:

    broadcast media are state-controlled; state-run TV operates 4 networks; Saudi Arabia is a major market for pan-Arab satellite TV broadcasters; state-run radio operates several networks; multiple international broadcasters are available (2007)
     

    Internet country code:

    .sa
     

    Internet hosts:

    145,941 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 79
     

    Internet users:

    9.774 million (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 30

    Airports:
     
    214 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 26
     

    Airports - with paved runways:

    total: 82
    over 3,047 m: 33
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 27
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m: 4 (2013)
     

    Airports - with unpaved runways:

    total: 132
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 72
    914 to 1,523 m: 37
    under 914 m: 
    16 (2013)
     

    Heliports:

    10 (2013)
     

    Pipelines:

    condensate 209 km; gas 2,940 km; liquid petroleum gas 1,183 km; oil 5,117 km; refined products 1,151 km (2013)
     

    Railways:

    total: 1,378 km
    country comparison to the world: 81
    standard gauge: 1,378 km 1.435-m gauge (with branch lines and sidings) (2008)
     

    Roadways:

    total: 221,372 km
    country comparison to the world: 22
    paved: 47,529 km (includes 3,891 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 173,843 km (2006)
     

    Merchant marine:

    total: 72
    country comparison to the world: 61
    by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 25, container 4, liquefied gas 2, passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker 20, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 7
    foreign-owned: 15 (Egypt 1, Greece 4, Kuwait 4, UAE 6)
    registered in other countries: 55 (Bahamas 16, Dominica 2, Liberia 20, Malta 2, Norway 3, Panama 11, Tanzania 1) (2010)
     

    Ports and terminals:

    major seaport(s): Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, Yanbu al Bahr
    container port(s) (TEUs): Ad Dammam (1,492,315), Jeddah (4,010,448)

    Energy ::SAUDI ARABIA
     

    Electricity - production:
     
    239.2 billion kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 19
     

    Electricity - consumption:

    190.9 billion kWh (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
     

    Electricity - exports:

    0 kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
     

    Electricity - imports:

    0 kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
     

    Electricity - installed generating capacity:

    49.05 million kW (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
     

    Electricity - from fossil fuels:

    100% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
     

    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

    0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 171
     

    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

    0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
     

    Electricity - from other renewable sources:

    0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
     

    Crude oil - production:

    11.73 million bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 1
     

    Crude oil - exports:

    6.88 million bbl/day (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 1
     

    Crude oil - imports:

    0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
     

    Crude oil - proved reserves:

    267.9 billion bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 2
     

    Refined petroleum products - production:

    1.935 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
     

    Refined petroleum products - consumption:

    2.817 million bbl/day (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
     

    Refined petroleum products - exports:

    1.471 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 5
     

    Refined petroleum products - imports:

    196,700 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
     

    Natural gas - production:

    103.2 billion cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 9
     

    Natural gas - consumption:

    99.23 billion cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
     

    Natural gas - exports:

    0 cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
     

    Natural gas - imports:

    0 cu m (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
     

    Natural gas - proved reserves:

    8.15 trillion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
     

    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

    513.5 million Mt (2011 est.)

    Title: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars (Billions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021


    No Stats found
    Exports Opportunities
    Ref Date Received Officials Details Nature of Enquiry

    Title: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change (%))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021

    Title: Total exports of goods and services (Million ZAR, current prices) in Million

    Source: SARS; Quantec

    Date: 07/11/2021

    Title: Population (Persons (Millions))

    Source: World Economic Outlook

    Date: 06/10/2021